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海伦·凯勒自传《我的生活》第59期

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I have since read Shakespeare's plays many times and know parts of them by heart, but I cannot tell which of them I like best. My delight in them is as varied as my moods. The little songs and the sonnets have a meaning for me as fresh and wonderful as the dramas. But, with all my love for Shakespeare, it is often weary work to read all the meanings into his lines which critics and commentators have given them. I used to try to remember their interpretations, but they discouraged and vexed me; so I made a secret compact with myself not to try any more. This compact I have only just broken in my study of Shakespeare under Professor Kittredge. I know there are many things in Shakespeare, and in the world, that I do not understand; and I am glad to see veil after veil lift gradually, revealing new realms of thought and beauty.

后来,我曾多次阅读莎士比亚戏剧,可以说对其中的部分章节熟稔于心,可是我却无法说出我最喜欢哪出戏。我对这些作品的喜爱层次是广泛的,就像我的情绪一样变化多端。在我看来,短小的民谣和十四行诗能够传达出同戏剧一样的神韵。但是另一方面,对莎士比亚的喜爱也增加了我阅读上的困难——读懂评论家和注释者们对每一行诗的阐释确实是一项十分劳累的工作。我试图记住别人的评论,但是那些(蹩脚的)评论每每令我气恼不已,所以,我悄悄地同自己签订了一份“协议”——不再看那些评论。直到接触了吉特莱芝教授开设的莎士比亚课,“协议”才被我打破。我知道,莎士比亚(戏剧)博大精深,而且,我并不了解世界范围内的莎剧研究。我很高兴看到一层层的面纱被人掀起,将一个崭新而美妙的思想王国展现在我们面前。
Next to poetry I love history. I have read every historical work that I have been able to lay my hands on, from a catalogue of dry facts and dryer dates to Green's impartial, picturesque "History of the English People"; from Freeman's "History of Europe" to Emerton's "Middle Ages." The first book that gave me any real sense of the value of history was Swinton's "World's History," which I received on my thirteenth birthday. Though I believe it is no longer considered valid, yet I have kept it ever since as one of my treasures. From it I learned how the races of men spread from land to land and built great cities, how a few great rulers, earthly Titans, put everything under their feet, and with a decisive word opened the gates of happiness for millions and closed them upon millions more: how different nations pioneered in art and knowledge and broke ground for the mightier growths of coming ages; how civilization underwent, as it were, the holocaust of a degenerate age, and rose again, like the Phoenix, among the nobler sons of the North; and how by liberty, tolerance and education the great and the wise have opened the way for the salvation of the whole world.
在我喜欢的书籍中,仅次于诗歌的就是历史。我把能用双手触摸到的每一本历史著作都读了个遍。从朴素的书页目录、记事年表到格林所著的客观公正、视角独特的《英国人民史》;从弗里曼的《欧洲历史》到艾默顿的《中世纪》。真正使我意识到历史价值的第一本书是斯温顿的《世界历史》,这本书是我十三岁时收到的生日礼物。虽然我已经不再认为这本书无懈可击,但是我仍然把它视做我(童年)的珍宝之一。正是通过这些历史书籍,我了解到了上古人类是如何分散到世界各地并建立起巨大的城市的;那些伟大的统治者,也就是人世间的“提坦”,是如何把万物置于自己的脚下,又是如何以一句决定性的话语为千百万人开启和关闭幸福之门的;不同种族的先驱们是如何在艺术和知识的领域开疆拓土,促进时代进步的;人类文明如何遭受社会堕落的浩劫,又是如何像凤凰涅槃一样重生的;人类又是如何通过自由、宽容的精神和聪明才智铺设拯救世界之路的。
In my college reading I have become somewhat familiar with French and German literature. The German puts strength before beauty, and truth before convention, both in life and in literature. There is a vehement, sledge-hammer vigour about everything that he does. When he speaks, it is not to impress others, but because his heart would burst if he did not find an outlet for the thoughts that burn in his soul.
在上大学期间,我比较熟悉的是法语和德语的文学作品。德国人总是使美好的事物凸显某种力量,使传统习俗蕴涵某种真理,这种民族性格在他们的生活和文学作品中随处可见。不妨说,在他们所做的每一件事情中,大都具有某种澎湃而个性鲜明的激情。当他们说话的时候,你并不觉得有何感人之处,这是因为,如果他们没有为灵魂深处灼热沸腾的思想寻找到一个出路,那么,他们的心就会爆裂。所以,他们不会轻易地使自己灭亡。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
burst [bə:st]

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n. 破裂,阵,爆发
v. 爆裂,迸发

 
earthly ['ə:θli]

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adj. 地球的,俗世的,可能的

 
veil [veil]

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n. 面纱,掩饰物,修女
vt. 给 ...

 
salvation [sæl'veiʃən]

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n. 得救,拯救,赎罪

 
outlet ['autlet]

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n. 出口,出路,通风口,批发商店

 
convention [kən'venʃən]

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n. 大会,协定,惯例,公约

联想记忆
impress [im'pres]

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n. 印象,特徵,印记
v. 使 ... 有印

联想记忆
vehement ['vi:imənt]

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adj. 激烈的,猛烈的

 
weary ['wiəri]

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adj. 疲倦的,厌烦的
v. 疲倦,厌烦,生

 
decisive [di'saisiv]

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adj. 决定性的

 


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