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VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):提神草药阿拉伯茶禁令造成非洲农民经济困难

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Khat farmers in central Kenya are struggling to sell the leafy stimulant known as Khat or Miraa after most European countries banned its import.

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It is another day on the farm for this teenager as he picks Khat leaves for local consumption.

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Hilary Kiriangi said he is fearful for his future as his family struggles to find a market for their produce.

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"Even though I am a student, my community economy will suffer, and someone like me I will not get school fees and a good life7Vk|G7ox6+=g。"

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Hezekiah Kiriangi has been a Khat farmer for more than 30 years. He said he also is feeling the pinch of the ban.

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"Since they said we cannot export Khat my business has gone down. Whatever I was getting from the Khat before I cannot get it any more. The issue has been politicized, Khat is not a drug it is like any other crop."

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The World Health Organization classifies khat as a drug of abuse because it can produce mild-to-moderate psychological dependence. But Kenyans and those living in neighboring countries, especially in the horn of Africa, disagree.

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Khat is banned in most European countries and the United States and Canada.

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Before the ban, khat traders exported about 60 tons of the leafy stimulant to the Netherlands and Britain weekly.

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Politician Mithika Linturi said the ban has not been fair to his community and he is asking that the ban be lifted.

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"If they are honest and genuine then give us notice and tell us we will not accept your miraa in another 5-10 years.

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That way people will be able to get other income-generating activities and prepare themselves for that eventuality. But this sudden ban is really hurting our community. We feel it. We are very desperate and the situation is very bad."

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Critics and some government officials have called for those communities dependent on Khat to grow other crops, but farmers are finding it hard to leave what they have grown for centuries.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
genuine ['dʒenjuin]

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adj. 真正的,真实的,真诚的

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survive [sə'vaiv]

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vt. 比 ... 活得长,幸免于难,艰难度过

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psychological [.saikə'lɔdʒikəl]

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adj. 心理(学)的

 
constant ['kɔnstənt]

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adj. 经常的,不变的
n. 常数,恒量

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dependent [di'pendənt]

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adj. 依靠的,依赖的,从属的
n.

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politician [.pɔli'tiʃən]

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n. 政治家,政客

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stimulant ['stimjulənt]

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n. 兴奋剂,刺激物,酒精性饮料 adj. 使兴奋的,激

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abuse [ə'bju:s,ə'bju:z]

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n. 滥用,恶习
vt. 滥用,辱骂,虐待

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import [im'pɔ:t]

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n. 进口,进口商品,意义
v. 进口,输入

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fearful ['fiəfəl]

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adj. 担心的,可怕的

 

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